A wound is a physical injury to the body that bypasses the protective function of the skin and risks contamination and infection to the site of the trauma. When the skin is broken, a wound is exposed to additional hazards. The tissues may be invaded by foreign material such as bacteria, dirt, and fragments of clothing, which may cause serious complications such as infections.
A minor wound may heal on its own with minimum first aid and may not require a visit to the hospital. However, there are a variety of wounds that are classified as non-healing, which include some cuts, scrapes, scratches, and punctures. A wound can be caused by accidents, injuries, illnesses, or other conditions. A wound can be an independent injury, or may be the result of broken bones, damaged nerves, punctured arteries, and more. Furthermore, some wounds that appear minor may develop into an infection. If there is a reason to suspect serious injury or infection, the wound and injuries will need to be properly treated to avoid further complications.
The following are some examples of various causes of wounds:
A single foot contains 26 bones, any of which can be linked to a source of discomfort. A bone injury can affect the shape, balance or function of the foot.
Dance can be physically demanding and the pressure placed on the foot and ankle can increase the risk of developing an injury.
People living with diabetes are prone to having foot problems, often because of two complications common among diabetics: nerve damage and poor circulation.
Ankle fractures are common foot injuries most often caused by your ankle rolling inward or outward. A fracture is a partial or complete break in a bone.
A sport injury is a common problem faced by many. Both competitive and recreational play subject the feet to numerous sources of stress and pressure.
The most common symptoms of a wound are pain, swelling, and bleeding. The amount of pain, swelling, and bleeding of a wound depends upon the location of the injury and the mechanism of the injury.
Although many wounds can be treated at home, contact a doctor if you notice:
Acute pain usually comes on suddenly in response to an injury and may come and go. The sensation may be similar to coming into contact with a sharp object.
Bone protrusions occur when the broken end of the tibia (shinbone) has torn through the soft tissues and is protruding through the skin.
A burning sensation is a type of pain that’s distinct from dull, stabbing, or aching pain and is often related to nerve problems.
A foot ulcer is an open sore on the foot. It can be a shallow red crater that involves only the surface skin but can also be very deep.
Infection is an invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites that are not normally present within your body.
Inflammation is a process by which the white blood cells, and substances they produce, protect us from an infection of foreign organisms, such as bacteria.
Non Healing Wound
A non healing or chronic wound is defined as a wound that does not improve after four weeks or does not heal in eight weeks.
Wounds can heal through the influence of medical aid (such as disinfecting or suturing a wound), or can be left to repair naturally, whereby damaged tissue is restored by the formation of connective tissue and re-growth of the epithelium. If the wound is unable to properly heal on its own (the wound is not minor), or if there are other causes for concern such as injuries or infection, you should seek professional medical attention.
Your doctor will evaluate the wound and ensure that there are no further complications that may change how the wound is treated, including other injuries or signs of infection.
After cleaning and possibly numbing the area, your doctor may close the wound using skin glue, sutures, or stitches. You may receive a tetanus shot if you have a puncture wound. Treating the wound is the primary intention, and is done so directly.
Depending on the location of your wound and the potential for infection, your doctor may need to avoid closing the wound to let it heal naturally. Treating the wound becomes the secondary intention. The primary intention may be to prevent infection, maintain proper bodily function, or to avoid other serious health risks. This process may require you to pack your wound with gauze. Although the healing may not look pretty, it prevents infection and the formation of abscesses.
If a body part is severed, it should be brought to the hospital for possible reattachment. Wrap the body part in moist gauze and pack it in ice.
If not treated early, the wound can cause an infection that can lead to amputation of the infected limb.
Your doctor can determine the appropriate therapies for you based on an evaluation of the wound and an examination of other underlying causes that may be of concern.