Structural Bone Deformity

A structural bone deformity usually occurs when some of the bones move out of place or a joint is stressed over a period of time. Some inherited foot structures can make one prone to developing bone deformities as well. The development of this condition is usually painless, but discomfort may become apparent while wearing tight shoes or during certain movements. The toes are common candidates for bone deformities since toes are often crowded in tight fitted shoes or pushed into unnatural positions while wearing high heels.


Bone deformities may be present due to:

  • Inherited foot type or hereditary dispositions
  • Foot stress, usually from ill-fitting shoes or high heels
  • Injuries
  • Deformities present at birth
  • Conditions, such as arthritis


Some indications of a structural bone deformity are:

  • A bulging bump around a bone or joint
  • Swelling, redness or soreness
  • Corns or calluses — develop as a result of toes rubbing against each other
  • Ongoing pain or pain that comes and goes
  • Limited movement in a part of the foot

Potential Treatments

You will need an appointment with a doctor who specializes in treating foot disorders (podiatrist or orthopedic foot specialist). Imaging tests may be required.

Treatment may be possible without surgery. If nonsurgical treatment fails to provide adequate pain relief, surgery may be needed. Your doctor will determine the procedure that is best suited to your case.

Surgery generally involves making an incision in the top or on the side of the affected area and removing or realigning soft tissue and bone. The goals of surgery include:

  • Relieve pain and restore normal alignment to the joints and bones.
  • Restore, as much as possible, normal weight-bearing distribution to the foot.
  • Allow you to return to normal activities.

You may have to consider surgery if your foot deformity is severe or causes persistent, severe pain that limits your daily activities. It is important to follow any instructions given for post-surgical care. Contact us to consult with our list of experienced doctors.

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