An ankle sprain is an injury to a ligament, a band of tissue that functions like a rubber band to connect bones and bind joints together. In the ankle joint, ligaments limit side-to-side movement providing stability.
The severity of an ankle sprain depends on whether your ligament is stretched, partially torn or completely torn, as well as on the number of ligaments involved. Ankle sprains are more common on the outside of the ankle.
Spraining your ankle often results from a fall, a sudden twist or a blow that forces your ankle joint out of its normal position. Ankle sprains commonly occur while participating in sports, wearing inappropriate shoes or walking or running on an uneven surface. Sometimes these sprains may occur if you are born with weak ankles. Previous ankle or foot injuries can also weaken the ankle and lead to sprains.
Ankle Joint Injury
An ankle joint injury may be due to the soft tissues of a ligament or tendon stretching beyond their capacity, better known as an ankle sprain or strain.
Ankle Impingement is a condition where pain is experienced due to compression of the bony or soft tissue structures during a specific range of motion.
Instability is the inability of a joint to support weight or maintain balance, a feat which requires coordination between functional ligaments and tendons.
A lisfranc injury occurs as a result of direct or indirect forces exerted on the foot. A direct force often involves something heavy falling on the foot.
Plantar Fasciitis is caused by repeated strain on the plantar fascia, the ligament that connects the heel bone to the toes, supporting the arch of the foot.
Contact a doctor if you notice:
Bruises, or contusions, appear when the tiny blood vessels in the skin are damaged due to trauma. They are often visible by the discoloration they cause.
Inflammation is a process by which the white blood cells, and substances they produce, protect us from an infection of foreign organisms, such as bacteria.
Heel pain is pain localized in the back of the foot. Heel pain may be due to numerous conditions, including a stress fracture, tendonitis, arthritis, nerve irritation or, rarely, a cyst.
Pain On The Side Of The Foot
While pain may be felt on the inner side of the foot (medial foot pain), pain on the outer side (lateral foot pain) is more common.
In evaluating your injury, your doctor will need a thorough history of your symptoms and examine your foot. X-rays or other advanced imaging studies may be performed to help determine the severity of the injury.
At first, you should follow the RICE protocol:
Rest: Stay off your injured ankle. Walking may cause further injury.
Ice: Apply an ice pack to the injured area, placing a thin towel between the ice and the skin. Use ice for 20 minutes and then wait at least 40 minutes before icing again.
Compression: An elastic wrap may be recommended to control swelling.
Elevation: Your ankle should be raised slightly above the level of your heart to reduce swelling.
Early physical therapy is important. You should start a rehabilitation program as soon as possible to promote healing and increase your range of motion. This includes doing prescribed exercises.
Your doctor may prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, to reduce pain and inflammation as well as pain medications to provide adequate relief.
In more severe cases, your doctor may perform surgery to adequately treat an ankle sprain. Surgery often involves repairing the damaged ligament or ligaments. Your doctor will determine the best approach based on your evaluation.
Ankle arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that orthopaedic surgeons use to treat problems in the ankle joint.
Lateral Ankle Ligament Reconstruction
Lateral ankle ligament reconstruction is a surgery to tighten and firm up one or more of the ligaments on the outside of the ankle.
Minimally Invasive Surgery
In minimally invasive surgery, our doctors use a variety of techniques to operate with less damage to the body than with open surgery.
The most common way the syndesmosis gets hurt is from a twisting or rotational injury to the ankle.