If the Jones fracture is not significant, it is typically treated with a cast, splint, or a walking boot for six to eight weeks. This treatment is sufficient for 75 percent of mild Jones fractures. Patients are advised not to put weight on the injured foot until so instructed by their doctor.
For athletes or those who incur an acute Jones fracture, surgery may be required. You may be given NSAIDS (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) to reduce pain and swelling during the healing process.
In most cases, rehabilitation can begin once the cast is removed, and you will gradually be able to resume your normal activities. Rehabilitation may take an additional two to three weeks. Your age may also play a role in healing time. Younger people are known to heal faster from bone injuries. If there is delayed healing, a bone stimulator may be used.
Jones fracture surgery is usually performed if the fracture is displaced, if it does not heal properly, or if the problem is chronic. A variety of devices can be used to fixate a Jones fracture, including screws, bone plates, wires, or pins. Sometimes a physician will also use a bone stimulator to assist the bone healing. The foot is then cast so that the bone is protected during the healing process.
If you only have a mild Jones fracture, surgery should not be necessary. Casting is usually all that is needed to treat a mild Jones fracture.
If the Jones fracture fails to heal correctly, the patient may be required to wear the cast for up to twenty weeks. The fracture can then become a chronic condition. Jones fractures do not heal easily due to the lack of adequate blood supply to the area. Almost 75 percent of all Jones fractures eventually heal properly, however, and do not recur.