The structure of the foot is complex, consisting of bones, muscles, tendons and other soft tissues. Of the 26 bones in the foot, 19 are toe bones and metatarsal bones. Fractures of the toe and metatarsal bones in your foot are common and breaks in the metatarsal bones may be caused by either stress or trauma.
Sometimes a fracture of the first metatarsal bone (behind the big toe) can lead to arthritis. Since the big toe is used so frequently and bears more weight than other toes, arthritis in that area can make it painful to walk, bend or even stand.
Another type of break, called a Jones fracture, occurs at the base of the fifth metatarsal bone. It is often misdiagnosed as an ankle sprain, and misdiagnosis can have serious consequences since sprains and fractures require different treatments.
Fifth Metatarsal Fracture (Jones Fracture)
A Jones fracture occurs in the fifth metatarsal — the long bone on the outside of the foot that connects to the little toe.
Ankle fractures are common foot injuries most often caused by your ankle rolling inward or outward. A fracture is a partial or complete break in a bone.
A stress fracture is a small crack or severe bruising within a bone and is mostly caused by overuse and repetitive activities.
Bruises, or contusions, appear when the tiny blood vessels in the skin are damaged due to trauma. They are often visible by the discoloration they cause.
Inflammation is a process by which the white blood cells, and substances they produce, protect us from an infection of foreign organisms, such as bacteria.
Pain When Moving The Foot
If pain from moving the foot remains despite home treatments, it might be a symptom of a more serious underlying condition.
Contact a doctor as soon as possible for proper diagnosis and treatment. A doctor can correctly identify these conditions as well as other problems of the foot.
Your treatment depends on the type and extent of the fracture and may include:
Foot and Ankle Fracture Repair (ORIF)
Ankle Fracture Repair, or Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), is a type of surgery used to stabilize and heal a broken bone.
Jones Fracture Repair
If you have a mild 5th metatarsal fracture (Jones Fracture), the repair is usually performed with a cast, splint, or a walking boot for six to eight weeks.