This condition occurs from a muscle and ligament imbalance around your toe joint that causes your middle toe joint to bend and become stuck in this position. We have several treatment options that vary according to how severe your hammertoe is.
Tight-fitting shoes often aggravate and put pressure on hammertoes. The most common complaint with hammertoes is rubbing and irritation on the top of the bent toe.
- Wear good-fitting shoes; this does not necessarily mean expensive shoes.
- Padding any prominent areas around your bony point of your toe may help to relieve pain.
- Drugs that reduce inflammation can ease the pain and swelling. Sometimes, we will use cortisone injections to relieve acute pain.
- We may also custom-make an insert to wear inside your shoe. This can reduce pain and keep the hammertoe from getting worse.
- Over-the-counter metatarsal pads that are properly placed may help.
- We may recommend foot exercises to help restore muscle balance. Splinting the toe may help in the very early stages.
If these traditional hammertoe treatments fail to provide results, we may suggest joint arthroplasty, joint fusion, or arthroscopic surgery to release the tendon.