The goal of Calcaneal Fracture Surgery is to move your bones back to their original position prior to the injury. However, the final outcome often depends on the severity of the initial injury. This challenging endeavor is equivalent to putting a broken eggshell back together. Simple fracture patterns with minimal displacement and large bone pieces are easier to treat than highly complex fractures involving many small pieces. During surgery, these small pieces all need to be carefully placed in their original position.
The main indication that you need this type of surgery on your heel bone (calcaneus fracture) is a displaced fracture. Displaced means the bone fragments are “out of position” and must be put back together. A calcaneus fracture commonly includes damage to the subtalar joint. This is the joint that allows side-to-side movement of your foot. A damaged joint can lead to arthritis. Putting these broken pieces back together helps to maximize the functional outcome and reduce the chance of developing arthritis. However, not all patients with calcaneal fractures are candidates for surgery. Certain fractures are not displaced enough to need surgery. And for other patients, the risk of a serious complication (such as a deep infection) may outweigh the potential benefits of surgery. Your doctor will determine the best method based on the evaluation.
A single foot contains 26 bones, any of which can be linked to a source of discomfort. A bone injury can affect the shape, balance or function of the foot.
Compartment syndrome occurs when excessive pressure builds up inside an enclosed muscle space in the body, most commonly after exercising.
Heel Bone Fractures
The heel bone is often compared to a hard-boiled egg due to its thin, hard covering on the outside and its soft, spongy bone on the inside. Once the outer shell is broken, the bone tends to collapse and become fragmented.
Injuries to the Achilles Tendon
An overly stressed Achilles tendon can be subject to mild or serious injuries. If the injury is mild or moderate, it may be limited to burning or stiffness.
A lisfranc injury occurs as a result of direct or indirect forces exerted on the foot. A direct force often involves something heavy falling on the foot.
Structural Bone Deformities
Structural bone deformities usually occur when some of the bones move out of place or a joint is stressed over a period of time.
Some fractures can be fixed through small incisions and others require longer incisions.