Achilles tendinopathy means that you have tiny tears in your Achilles tendon, which connects your calf muscle to your heel. This problem causes pain and makes it hard to move your foot and ankle. Achilles tendinopathy is also often called Achilles tendinitis.
Tendinopathy is not the same as a large Achilles tear or rupture, but it does weaken your tendon and make it more likely to get a large tear or other injuries to tendons, such as ruptured tendons in your heel (Achilles tendon).
Young boys ages 8 to 14 may have a condition known as Sever’s disease, which causes injury to the growing bone where the Achilles tendon is attached. This usually occurs during activity and is relieved with home treatment.
An Achilles tendon injury might be caused by:
- Stepping up your level of physical activity too quickly
- Not stretching enough before exercise
- Wearing high heels, which increases the stress on the tendon
- Problems with the feet. An Achilles tendon injury can result from flat feet, also known as fallen arches or overpronation. In this condition, the impact of a step causes the arch of your foot to collapse, stretching the muscles and tendons.
- Muscles or tendons in the leg that are too tight
As debilitating as they can be, the good news is that minor to moderate Achilles tendon injuries should heal on their own. You just need to give them time. If not, surgery may be required.