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Inflammation

Inflammation is a process by which your white blood cells and the substances they produce protect us from infection with foreign organisms, such as bacteria and viruses. It is part of your body’s immune response. Your immune system recognizes damaged cells, irritants, and pathogens, and it begins the healing process.

Conditions

Inflammation is a symptom often associated with the following conditions:

Achilles Tendon Injuries – Haglund’s Deformity (Pump Bump)
Haglund’s deformity is a bony enlargement on the back of your heel.

Achilles Tendon Injuries – Rupture/Tear
An Achilles tendon rupture is a tear in the tendon that connects your heel bone to your calf muscle.

Achilles Tendon Injuries – Tendinopathy and Tendonitis
Achilles tendinopathy is a common overuse injury caused by long-term repetitive energy storage and release with excessive compression. Achilles tendonitis, on the other hand, is an inflammation of the tendon as a result of the tears that are not properly healed.

Ankle Pain: Injuries – Fracture
Ankle fractures are common injuries most often caused by your ankle rolling inward or outward. It is either a partial or complete break in a bone.

Ankle Pain: Injuries – Impingement
Anterior Ankle Impingement is a condition where you experience pain at the front of your ankle, due to compression of your bony or soft tissue structures during activities that involve maximal ankle dorsiflexion motion.

Ankle Pain: Injuries – Instability
Chronic ankle instability often develops after repeated ankle sprains.

Ankle Pain: Injuries – Ligament Sprain
An ankle sprain is an injury to one or more ligaments in your ankle, usually on the outside of the ankle.

Bunionnete (Tailor’s bunion)
A bunionette is a condition similar to bunions, but not as common. It affects the base of the baby toe.

Bunions (Hallux Valgus)
A bunion is a visible bump at the side of the big toe or at the base of the little toe.

Bursitis
Bursitis is a painful inflammation of a small fluid-filled sac called a bursa, which is located under the tendon.

Calf Pain
Calf pain varies from person to person, but it typically feels like a dull, aching, or sharp pain, sometimes with tightness, in the back of the lower leg.

Charcot Foot
Charcot foot is a foot deformity that results from nerve damage in your foot or ankle.

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a serious condition and is considered a medical emergency. It occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein located deep inside your body.

Equinus Contracture
Equinus is a condition in which the upward bending motion of the ankle joint is limited.

Flatfoot Deformity – Adult
This is a condition caused by changes in the tendon, impairing its ability to support the arch, thus resulting in the flattening of the foot.

Fractures of the Fifth Metatarsal
These fractures occur in the fifth metatarsal—the long bone on the outside of the foot that connects to the little toe.

Gout
Gout is a kind of arthritis. It can cause a sensation of sudden burning, stiffness, and swelling in the affected joint (usually the big toe).

Great (Big) Toe Joint Disorder (Hallux Rigidus)
Hallux rigidus is a disorder of the joint located at the base of the big toe. It causes pain and stiffness in the joint.

Heel Bone Fracture
This type of fracture commonly occurs during a high-energy event when the heel is crushed under the weight of your body.

Ingrown Toenails
Ingrown toenails are a common condition in which the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh of the toe.

Lateral Column (Outside of Midfoot) Overload: Pain
Lateral column overload is a somewhat non-specific condition that results from an excessive loading through the bones onto the outer part of the midfoot.

Lisfranc Injury
Lisfranc (midfoot) injuries result if the bones in the midfoot are broken or ligaments that support the midfoot are torn.

Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis a condition characterized by the breakdown and eventual loss of cartilage in one or more joints.
Peroneal Tendon Injuries. A tendon is a band of tissue that connects a muscle to a bone. The two peroneal tendons in the foot run side by side behind the outer ankle bone.

Plantar Fasciitis (Heel Pain)
This is caused by repeated strain on the plantar fascia, the ligament that connects your heel bone to the toes, supporting the arch of the foot.

Sesamoid Injuries in the Foot
Sesamoid injuries can involve the bones, tendons and/or surrounding tissue in the joint.

Sports Injuries in the Foot and Ankle
Foot and ankle injuries are common problems faced by many sport enthusiasts. From the repetitive pounding the feet receives on paved surfaces to the side-to-side motion seen in court sports, there’s no question that athletes are often in need of foot and ankle injury.

Stress Fracture in the Foot
A stress fracture is a small crack or severe bruising within a bone and is mostly caused by overuse and repetitive activities.

Tendon and Ligament Injuries
Tendon and ligament injuries happen when their soft tissues are stretched beyond their capacity. These injuries are sprains and strains.

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