A bruise, or contusion, appears on your skin due to trauma. It happens when the tiny blood vessels in the skin are damaged. It is commonly tender, and sometimes even painful for the first few days, but the pain usually goes away as the color fades.
Bruises on your foot are symptoms often associated with the following conditions:
Achilles Tendon Injuries – Rupture/Tear
An Achilles tendon rupture is a tear in the tendon that connects your heel bone to your calf muscle.
Ankle Pain: Injuries – Fracture
Ankle fractures are common injuries most often caused by your ankle rolling inward or outward. It is either a partial or complete break in a bone.
Ankle Pain: Injuries – Ligament Sprain
An ankle sprain is an injury to one or more ligaments in your ankle, usually on the outside of the ankle. The severity of this condition depends on whether your ligament is stretched, partially torn or completely torn, as well as on the number of ligaments involved.
Fractures of the Fifth Metatarsal
These fractures occur in the fifth metatarsal—the long bone on the outside of your foot that connects to the little toe. Typically, this type of fracture results from stress on the bone caused by repeated motion, but it may also result from overuse or a sudden acute injury.
Heel Bone Fracture
This type of fracture commonly occurs during a high-energy event when the heel is crushed under the weight of your body. When this occurs, the heel can widen, shorten, and become deformed.
Sports Injuries in the Foot and Ankle
Foot and ankle injuries are common problems faced by many sport enthusiasts. From the repetitive pounding your feet receive on paved surfaces to the side-to-side motion seen in court sports, there’s no question that athletes are often in need of foot and ankle injury.
Stress Fracture in the Foot. A stress fracture is a small crack or severe bruising within a bone and is mostly caused by overuse and repetitive activities.
Tendon and Ligament Injuries
Tendon and ligament injuries happen when their soft tissues are stretched beyond their capacity. These injuries are sprains and strains.