Tendons, which are located at both ends of a muscle, attach the muscle to the bone. Tendons are found throughout the body but the Achilles tendon is the largest. It attaches the calf muscle to the heel bone.
As a muscle contracts, the attached tendon pulls the bone into movement. At the same time, the soft tissues making up the tendon help absorb some of the impact from the muscles springing into action.
A strain is a stretch or tear in the tissues making up a tendon or muscle. These injuries commonly occur while participating in sports.
Other injuries, such as tendinopathy, can also be the result of aging, irritation, or another underlying problem.
Tendinopathy means that you have tiny tears in your tendon. Although small tears are normal following physical activities, tendinopathy can become a degenerative condition, when the tears do not heal quickly enough. This problem causes pain and makes it hard to move your foot and ankle. Tendinopathy is often called tendinosis and associated with tendonitis.
Tendons can also suffer from large tears or ruptures. These are more common during extreme physical activities or accidents. The Achilles tendon, located at your heel, is especially prone to injury.
A tendon injury might be caused by:
An Achilles tendon injury can result from flat feet, also known as fallen arches or overpronation. In this condition, the impact of a step causes the arch of your foot to collapse, stretching the muscles and tendons.
Bent Toe Disorders (Hammer, Mallet and Claw)
A bent toe disorder is an oddly bent toe joint. Hammer, claw and mallet toes are often painful and commonly occur in one or more of the four smaller toes.
As debilitating as they can be, the good news is that minor to moderate Achilles tendon injuries should heal on their own. You just need to give them time. If the injury does not heal, reoccurs, or is severe, surgery may be required.
Regenerative Medicine Treatments
Regenerative medicine involves the delivery of growth factors to injured joints and tissues to promote the healing process.