The Lisfranc ligament is a tough band of tissue that joins the metatarsal bones (long bones that lead up to the toes) and the tarsal bones (bones in the arch) at the Lisfranc joint. This ligament is important for maintaining proper alignment and strength of the joint.
There are three types of Lisfranc injuries, which sometimes occur together:
Injuries to the Lisfranc joint most commonly occur in car accidents, military activities, contact sports, or small accidents such as missing a step on a staircase. A lisfranc injury occurs as a result of direct or indirect forces exerted on the foot. A direct force often involves something heavy falling on the foot. Indirect force commonly involves twisting the foot.
Instability is the inability of a joint to support weight or maintain balance, a feat which requires coordination between functional ligaments and tendons.
An ankle sprain is an injury to a ligament, a band of tissue that functions like a rubber band to connect bones and bind joints together.
Symptoms of a Lisfranc injury may include:
Blisters, which form to protect the body from infection, are small pockets of fluid underneath the skin caused by a source of irritation.
Deformities In The Affected Area
Foot deformities are a group of congenital and acquired conditions involving structural abnormalities that may affect the bones, tendons, and muscles of your foot.
Inflammation is a process by which the white blood cells, and substances they produce, protect us from an infection of foreign organisms, such as bacteria.
Numbness, or tingling, is often described as a “pins and needles” sensation. Although temporary, this may cause pain or discomfort.
Pain On Top Of The Foot
Many health conditions and injuries can upset the foot’s movement and balance, causing problems and pain on top of the foot.
Pain When Moving The Foot
If pain from moving the foot remains despite home treatments, it might be a symptom of a more serious underlying condition.
Lisfranc injuries are sometimes mistaken for ankle sprains, making the diagnostic process very important. To arrive at a diagnosis, your doctor will determine how the injury occurred and examine the foot to determine the severity of the injury. X-rays and other imaging studies may be necessary to fully evaluate the extent of your injury. Your doctor may perform an additional examination while you are under anesthesia to further evaluate any fractures or weakening of the joint and surrounding bones.
Certain types of Lisfranc injuries may require surgery. Your doctor will determine the type of procedure that is best suited for you.
Foot and Ankle Fracture Repair (ORIF)
Ankle Fracture Repair, or Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), is a type of surgery used to stabilize and heal a broken bone.
The goals of Lisfranc surgery are to put the bones back into their original position and restore the foot’s normal alignment.
Custom orthotics are specially crafted devices that are patterned based on your individual needs and designed to support and comfort your feet.
Shoe inserts are non-prescription foot support that is placed inside the shoes. You can buy them in stores without a prescription from a podiatrist.
Regenerative Medicine Treatments
Regenerative medicine involves the delivery of growth factors to injured joints and tissues to promote the healing process.
RICE protocol is a simple self-care technique used to reduce swelling, ease pain, and speed up healing of an injured muscle, tendon, or ligament.