An Ingrown toenail is a common condition in which the corner or the side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh of the toe. The result can be pain, redness, swelling, and infection. Ingrown toenails usually affect your big toe.
Often you can take care of ingrown toenails on your own. If the pain is severe or spreading, your doctor will take steps to relieve your discomfort and help you avoid complications.
If you have diabetes or another condition that causes poor blood flow to your feet, an ingrown toenail could lead to further complications.
Causes of ingrown toenails include:
If an ingrown nail causes a break in the skin, bacteria may enter and cause an infection, which is often marked by drainage and a foul odor. However, even if the toe is not red, swollen, warm, or in pain, a nail that curves downward into the skin can progress into an infection.
Infection is an invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites that are not normally present within your body.
Inflammation is a process by which the white blood cells, and substances they produce, protect us from an infection of foreign organisms, such as bacteria.
After examining the toe, your doctor will select the treatment best suited for you. If an infection is present, an oral antibiotic may be prescribed. Sometimes, a minor surgical procedure will ease the pain and remove the offending nail. After applying a local anesthetic, your doctor will remove a part of the nail’s side border. Some nails may become ingrown again, requiring removal of the nail root. Following the nail procedure, a light bandage will be applied. Most people experience very little pain after this surgery, and can resume their normal daily activities the next day. If your doctor prescribes an oral antibiotic, be sure to take all the medication, even if your symptoms have improved.
Home treatment is strongly discouraged if there is any reason to believe that there might be an infection, or if you have any medical conditions, such as diabetes, nerve damage, or poor circulation.