A ganglion cyst is a noncancerous lump caused by a small sac of fluid forming over a joint or tendon. They can be painful if they press on a nearby nerve.
Ganglion cysts are typically round or oval and are filled with a jellylike fluid. Small ganglion cysts can be pea-sized, while larger ones can be around an inch in diameter. Their location can sometimes interfere with joint movement. If you have no symptoms, no treatment is necessary. In many cases, the cysts go away on their own.
Although the exact cause of ganglion cysts is unknown, they may arise from trauma. It grows out of a joint or the lining of a tendon, looking like a tiny water balloon on a stalk, and seems to occur when the tissue that surrounds a joint or a tendon bulges out of place. Inside the cyst is a thick lubricating fluid similar to that found in joints or around tendons.
A ganglion cyst is associated with one or more of the following symptoms:
A burning sensation is a type of pain that’s distinct from dull, stabbing, or aching pain and is often related to nerve problems.
Deformities In The Affected Area
Foot deformities are a group of congenital and acquired conditions involving structural abnormalities that may affect the bones, tendons, and muscles of your foot.
Heel pain is pain localized in the back of the foot. Heel pain may be due to numerous conditions, including a stress fracture, tendonitis, arthritis, nerve irritation or, rarely, a cyst.
Pain On Top Of The Foot
Many health conditions and injuries can upset the foot’s movement and balance, causing problems and pain on top of the foot.
To diagnose a ganglion cyst, your doctor will perform a thorough examination of the foot. This may consist of shining a light through the cyst or removing a small amount of fluid from the cyst for evaluation. In some cases, X-rays and additional imaging studies may be performed.
If your ganglion cyst is causing you problems, your doctor may suggest draining the cyst with a needle. Removing the cyst surgically also is an option.
Ganglion Cyst Resection
The initial treatment of a ganglion is not surgical, but if pain becomes a problem, your foot and ankle orthopedic surgeon may recommend aspiration, a procedure to remove the cyst’s fluid through a needle.
Wound care focuses on primary intention (treatment of the wound) or secondary intention (indirect treatment due to conflicting injuries or complications).
Custom orthotics are specially crafted devices that are patterned based on your individual needs and designed to support and comfort your feet.
Shoe inserts are non-prescription foot support that is placed inside the shoes. You can buy them in stores without a prescription from a podiatrist.