Foot drop is a general term for difficulty lifting the front part of the foot, which might even drag on the ground while walking. Foot drop isn’t a disease, it is a sign of an underlying neurological, muscular or anatomical problem. Sometimes foot drop is temporary, but it can be permanent.
Foot drop is caused by weakness or paralysis of the muscles involved in lifting the front part of the foot.
Causes of foot drop might include:
Fluid retention occurs when excess fluids build up inside your body. Fluid retention is also known as water retention or edema.
Loss Of Balance
Loss of balance is most commonly caused by damaged nerves in the feet which can no longer send signals to the brain about the position of the legs and feet.
Loss Of Muscle Tone
When a disease or injury makes it difficult to move your feet or lower legs, the lack of mobility can result in a loss of muscle tone and volume.
Numbness, or tingling, is often described as a “pins and needles” sensation. Although temporary, this may cause pain or discomfort.
A rolled ankle is characterized by the outer or inner side of the ankle giving way, and may be a recurring problem due to an injury or deformity.
Foot drop is usually diagnosed by physical examination, although your doctor may perform some additional testing. Treatment may include the use of braces, physical therapy, and electrical nerve stimulation. In some cases, surgery may be required.
Arthrodesis (Ankle Fusion)
Ankle Fusion (Arthrodesis) is a type of surgery to fuse the bones of the ankle joint into one piece, eliminating the joint itself.
A Midfoot Fusion is a procedure where one or more of the metatarsal cuneiform joints or intercuneiform joints are fused.
Tendon Transfer Procedures
Tendons are typically transferred in order to restore more normal movement to a foot and ankle that has lost function.
Custom orthotics are specially crafted devices that are patterned based on your individual needs and designed to support and comfort your feet.
Shock Wave Therapy
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is a non-invasive medical procedure used as an alternative to treat various musculoskeletal problems.
Shoe inserts are non-prescription foot support that is placed inside the shoes. You can buy them in stores without a prescription from a podiatrist.