A bunion is a visible, bony bump that forms at the joint of the toe. It occurs when some of the bones in the front part of the foot move out of place. For example, when the big toe forms a bunion, also known as Hallux Valgus, the tip of your big toe is pulled or pushed toward the smaller toes and forces the joint at the base to stick out producing the bunion’s “bump”.
Bunions often occur when the joint is stressed over a period of time. It reflects changes in the actual alignment of the bones in the foot. It is more common in women because they often wear shoes with a tight shoe box or high heels, both of which crowd the toes.
Bunionettes, or Tailor’s bunions, are another common bunion which forms on the smallest toe.
There are many theories about how bunions develop, but the exact cause is unknown. Factors likely include:
Aside from the causes mentioned above, experts also consider some risk factors involved in the development of bunions. These includes:
A bunionette is a condition similar to a bunion, but considered unique in that it affects the joint at the base of the baby toe.
Great Big Toe Joint Disorder
Hallux rigidus is a disorder of the joint located at the base of the great big toe. It causes pain and stiffness in the joint.
Structural Bone Deformity
A structural bone deformity usually occurs when some of the bones move out of place or a joint is stressed over a period of time.
The signs and symptoms of a bunion include:
Bunions are visible bumps at the side of the big toe or at the base of the little toe. This reflects changes in the bony framework of the foot.
A burning sensation is a type of pain that’s distinct from dull, stabbing, or aching pain and is often related to nerve problems.
Inflammation is a process by which the white blood cells, and substances they produce, protect us from an infection of foreign organisms, such as bacteria.
Numbness, or tingling, is often described as a “pins and needles” sensation. Although temporary, this may cause pain or discomfort.
Pain On The Side Of The Foot
While pain may be felt on the inner side of the foot (medial foot pain), pain on the outer side (lateral foot pain) is more common.
Pain On Top Of The Foot
Many health conditions and injuries can upset the foot’s movement and balance, causing problems and pain on top of the foot.
To treat bunions, set an appointment with a doctor who specializes in treating foot disorders (podiatrist or orthopedic foot specialist) to be guided accordingly. Your doctor can identify a bunion by examining your foot and through some imaging tests.
He might consider two ways of treatment. These are either a conservative treatment or surgical options. However, surgical options can only be done when conservative treatment doesn’t relieve the symptoms.
Bunion surgery generally involves making an incision in the top or on the side of the big toe joint area and removing or realigning soft tissue and bone. The goals of bunion surgery include:
You may have to consider surgery if your bunion results in persistent, severe pain that limits your daily activities, or if you have a severe foot deformity. Contact us and we’ll help you Request an Appointment with an experienced doctor.
Ankle arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that orthopaedic surgeons use to treat problems in the ankle joint.
Bunionectomy surgery generally involves making an incision on the top or the side of the big toe joint area and removing or realigning soft tissue and bone.
Bunionette Deformity Correction
A Bunionette Deformity Correction is recommended if you cannot wear shoes comfortably because of the size of the bunionette.
Bunion Revision Surgery
Unfortunately, in some cases bunion repairs fail and the associated pain or deformity returns.
First MTP/MPJ procedures (Big Toe)
The first MTP, also called the first metatarsophalangeal joint, is the big toe joint. Arthritis in the big toe can cause a number of problems.
A Midfoot Fusion is a procedure where one or more of the metatarsal cuneiform joints or intercuneiform joints are fused.
Minimally Invasive Surgery
In minimally invasive surgery, our doctors use a variety of techniques to operate with less damage to the body than with open surgery.
The Lapidus procedure decreases the movement of the first Tarsal-MetaTarsal (TMT) joint and straightens out the first metatarsal and toe.
The heel bone can be realigned to achieve a different orientation, which can correct many different deformities and foot/ankle problems.